HOW DO YOU FEEL TODAY? Which of these four faces reflects your mood? Seeking to categorise the emotional basis of different personality types‚ the physiologist Wilhelm Max Wundt (1832-1920) took the classical theory of the four humours (temperaments sealed in the body) which defined the categories of the melancholic‚ the choleric‚ the sanguine and the phlegmatic. His refinements included vertical and horizontal axes from 'emotional' to 'non-emotional'. and 'unchangeable' to 'changeable'‚ and a colour coding that anticipates Luscher (See card 23 and 24). Although it is true that individuals have consistent personality tendencies‚ this classification of emotional types might also serve as a rudimentary guide to anybody's range of feelings over a given period of time. What you are like in the morning may not be what you are like in the evening. Wundt set up the first research laboratory for experimental psychology at the University of Leipzig in 1875 and initiated a new science of the mind. In 1894 he established the Institute for Experimental Psychology at Leipzig. the first academic institute of its kind in the world. EMOTIONAl ANXIOUS WORRIED CHANGEABLE QUICKLY ROUSED UNHAPPY SUSPICIOUS THOUGHTFUL UNCHANGEABLE NONEMOTIONAl The faces are reproduced from Physiognomische Fragmente by Johann Kaspar Lavater (1741-1801
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